History Of Curling
Curling rules are simple and the main is that the sport is practiced on a narrow ice sheet of 146 feet long and 4.75 15 feet 7 inches wide. Two teams of 4 players compete with each other, throwing 8 stones of 44 pounds each per round. The main objective of the game is to throw the stones, normally made from granite, towards the house to. leave them inside it, and as close as possible to the center of the target (tee). At the end of each entry or end, the team that has the stone closest to the tee (and inside the house), receives a point. In addition, they will receive one more point for each stone that is closer to the tee than all other team stones.
There is evidence of the existence of Curling at the beginning of the 16th century given that a curling stone dated to 1511 is preserved. The first written references on the use of stones on ice appears in the engravings of the Paisley Abbey in Renfrew dating from February 1541, and is the reason why it is believed that the game was invented in Scotland. Two paintings by Pieter Brueghel the Elder (both from 1545) represent images of people practicing a game similar to curling. In this period Scotland and the Netherlands have strong cultural ties as demonstrated in the development of another sport, golf. The first appearance of the word curling in a written document dates from 1620 in Perth, Scotland when it appears in the preface and in the verses of a poem by Henry Adamson.
Each team has 4 players and 1 reserve and the games usually consist of 10 “ends” with a duration of 2.5 hours, and in case of a tie require that additional ends must be played, since the matches cannot end in a draw.
At the beginning of the game it is determined which team plays first, and then the teams take turns playing their stones.
To score points, a team must have a minimum of one stone inside the tee, making it possible to score more points by placing more stones in the house at the end of the game.
The board in the court shows the points obtained by each team being shown at the end of each round together with the color of the teams stone.
In the curling it is presumed cleanliness in the game, that is why it is not considered the need to have a referee.
The player that is responsible for throwing the first two stones is called “the Lead”, and he or she will sweep the rest of the stones of his teammates, and will take care of the stopwatch. The second will threw the third and fourth stone and sweep the stones of the 1st and 3rd players. The vice skip throws the fifth and sixth stone, sweeps and plan the strategy to follow. The “skip”, captain of the team supervise the plays that will be developed in the game and also he throws the last two stones.
Dimensions Of the Curling Sheet
Sheet: 146 feet long and 4.75 15 feet 7 inches wide
Diameter of the house: 4 yards
Distance between hoglines: 16 feet
Distance from teeline” to the hogline: 37 feet.
The hogline is a line located about 160 feet from the hack where the stone must be released during the launch. If it is exceeded, the stone is canceled.
Video Tutorial-Learning The Curling Rules
How Stand The Curling Rules In The Olympics
Curling is an Olympic sport since the Nagano Games in 1998, although in February 2006 the International Olympic Committee decided to consider the competition held at the 1924 Winter Olympics as an official and not as an exhibition sport as it had been considered until that moment. Therefore the first Olympic gold winning team was the Great Britain team. Actually, in 1924 it was not so clearly distinguished between exhibition and competition sports. Curling was an exhibition sport in 1932, 1988 and 1992. Teams in the Olympics game are formed by 4 players an 1 substitution.
Curling Rules And The Stones
A curling stone must weighs between 38 and 44 pounds and must have a minimum 4.5 inches in circumference. It is cast in polished granite and the bottom is hollow and flat so that it glides easily on the ice. At the top, it has a plastic handle the color of the team, so you can easily see which stones belong to each team.
The word “curl”, which has given the name to the sport, is a term for the rotation that is given to the stone when it is thrown. The rotation can turn left (out) or right (in hand) in its rotation movement, if you are right-handed, and opposite if you are left-handed.
Around The World
Curling World Cup
The game was known (and still is, in Scotland and other regions populated by Scottish descendants such as New Zealand) under the name of “the roaring game” for the sound that the stones produce when sliding on the pebble (small water droplets in semi-solid state, which is on the surface of the track). The word derives from the Scottish verb cur (produce a small noise) and not from the verb curl (curl) as it is sometimes believed.
In the early days, the stones were simple rocks extracted from the rivers, and that were sometimes polished and endowed with shape. The pitcher had little control over the stone, and the game depended more on luck than on skill or strategy. Curling played abroad was very popular in Scotland between the 16th and 19th centuries. Scotland is the headquarters of the International Curling Federation. Currently curling is strongly established in Canada, where it came from Scottish emigrants.
The Royal Montreal Curling Club, is the oldest (of any sport) sports club in North America, and was founded in 1807. The first club in the United States dates from 1830, and was the so-called ‘Orchard Lake Curling Club’ based in the city of Detroit, Michigan. Curling was introduced in Europe (Sweden and Switzerland) also by Scottish emigrants. It is currently played throughout Europe and has expanded to other places such as Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and even China and South Korea.
The first World Curling Championship was exclusively for men and was called “Scotch Cup”. It was held in Falkirk and Edinburgh, Scotland in 1959. The first title was won by the Canadian Regina team, Saskatchewan, being skip.
Curling Scoring Rules
The stone closest to the center of the target counts 1 point.
Only one team can score points in each final.
Points are scored for each stone that is closer to the middle of the target than the nearest stone of the opponent; It is possible to get a maximum of 8 points in each sleeve or end, although this is very unlikely.
The team that scores a point in one end places the first stone in the next and, therefore, will lose the hammer in the new end.
If the question arises which stone is best placed in terms of tee, it should be measured.
If a team feels they cannot avoid losing, they are allowed to surrender before the tenth final has been played.
In case of a tie after 10 ends, another final is played. The first team to score a point wins.
The teammates of the player who places the stone have the task of sweeping in front of the stone. This serves to increase or decrease the speed of the stone as it glides through the ice, and can decisively influence both its direction and its final position. The ice melts when heated by the rubbing of the broom that sweeps the surface helping the stone to slide. Currently the brooms are composed of a hollow carbon fiber tube with three different terminations
You can sweep in the desired direction, as long as the broom does not touch the stone. If this happens, the stone must be removed from the game before it reaches the house. If he does not leave the game, the opposition must decide whether to continue playing with the stones in their new positions or to return them to their previous position.
Curling Rules Glossary
- Guards: Are pitches in which we try to leave the stone in the free guard zone, to protect a stone that is placed inside the house, making it difficult for the opponent to shoot.
- Take out: Quick pitch designed to remove the stone from the opponent.
- Double take out: When two of the opponent’s stones are pushed out of the playing area.
- Second shot: The second best placed stone.
- Point-stone: The stone located closer to the center of the house.
- Hammer: the last stone in an end, a great advantage: It is said that the team with the last stone “has the hammer”
- Blank end: an end where there are no stones touching the house and, therefore, no points are scored; Normally, the team that has the hammer retains it for the next final.